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Preservation Resources

Table of Contents


Neil Beagrie's Blog on Digital Preservation <> (accessed February 12, 2008)

Preservation - General Guidelines

Preservation Initiatives

  • 100 Year Archive Task force - Overview
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • CASPAR (EU) - An EU effort to ensure access to and preservation of cultural and scientific resources.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • University of California Curation Center 
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Digital Archive - archiving and preservation in the virtual world. (OCLC)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Digital Curation Centre (UK) - A UK-based centre to support expertise and practice in data curation and digital preservation across communities of practice.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE) -
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Digital Preservation Coalition - securing preservation of digital resources in the UK
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • ERA: Electronic Records Archives (NARA)- to be a comprehensive, systematic, and dynamic means for preserving virtually any kind of electronic record, free from dependence on any specific hardware or software
    <> (accessed April 29, 2007)
  • Ensuring long-term preservation and usability of digital information (National Diet Library, Japan)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Internet Archive - billions of Web pages archived since 1996 to a few months ago
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • InSPECT - attempts to expand and articulate the concept of 'significant properties' of digital objects necessary to ensure their authenticity over time
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • InterPARES 2 Project - long-term preservation of authentic records created and/or maintained in digital form
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • NDIIP (National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (Library of Congress)- an initiative to develop a national strategy to collect, archive and preserve the growing amounts of digital content, especially materials that are created only in digital formats, for current and future generations.
    <> (accessed December 21, 2010)
  • Northeast Document Conservation Center
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Nestor (Network of Expertise in Long-Term Storage of Digital Resources, Germany)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PLANETS (EU) - European institutions collaborating in addressing the challenge of preserving access to digital cultural and scientific knowledge
    <> (accessed April 19, 2007)
  • PADI - Preserving Access to Digital Information (National Library of Australia)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PANDAA (PANDORA, Australia) - Preserving and Accessing Networked Documentary Resources of Australia
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PREMIS - Preservation Metadata (OCLC and RLG)
    <> (accessed April 30, 2007)
    Implementation Strategies <> (accessed December 21, 2010)
  • Web Cite - an archiving system for web references (cited web pages and websites), which can be used by authors, editors, and publishers of scholarly papers and books, to ensure that cited web material will remain available to readers in the future.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • WePreserve is the window on the synergistic activities of DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE), Cultural, Artistic and Scientific knowledge for Preservation, Access and Retrieval (CASPAR), and Preservation and Long-term Access through NETworked Services (PLANETS).
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)


Preservation Tools

  • Bagit: Transferring Content for Digital Preservation (Library of Congress), includes tool BIL (Bagit Library) for creating data bags
  • DROID/PRONOM (Digital Record Object Identification and format registry) (National Archives)
  • PRONOM - <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • DROID - <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PRONOM is an online database containing details of more than 750 different digital file formats. Along with the DROID file format identification tool, which uses the database, PRONOM enables digital archivists, records managers and anyone using the tool to find out what files they have, in which formats and how best to ensure their long-term preservation.
  • The DROID tool scans a computer or hard drive and identifies files either through its file extension (for example .doc for Word files) or by matching the file's internal signature with specific entries in the PRONOM database.
  • EMET - Embedded Metadata Extraction Tool (ARTstor) - A stand-alone tool on the Adobe Air 2.0 platform designed to extract metadata embedded in JPEG and TIFF files. EMET is compatible with Mac OS 10.4+, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7. 
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • FIDO (Open Plants Foundation)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • FileFormat.Info
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • JHOVE (JSTOR/Harvard Object Validation Environment)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • QuickPar - QuickPar is a utility for creating parity volumes using the Reed Solomon algorithm. Parity volumes may be used to verify that a set of files have not been corrupted, or to reconstruct damaged files (providing that you have a sufficient quantity of parity volumes to match the missing or damaged files).
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • National Library of New Zealand Metadata Extraction Toolkit The Metadata Extraction Tool programmatically extracts preservation metadata from a range of file formats including PDF documents, image files, sound files, office documents, and many others. It automatically extracts preservation-related metadata from digital files then outputs that metadata in XML. It can be used through a graphical user interface or command-line interface.
    <http://meta-> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Library of Congress Transfer Tools - Tools developed by the Library of Congress and their partners in the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP) for the purpose of validation and transfer of data that conforms to the BagIt specification
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • md5deep (set of programs to compute MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, Tiger, or Whirlpool message digests)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PDF/A Competence Center
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PLATO: The Planets Preservation Planning Tool (planets) - The planning tool Plato is a decision support tool that implements a solid preservation planning process and integrates services for content characterisation, preservation action and automatic object comparison in a service-oriented architecture to provide maximum support for preservation planning endeavours.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • PREMIS in METS Toolbox (Florida Center for Library Automation) - The PREMIS in METS Toolbox is a set of open-source tools developed to support the implementation of PREMIS in the METS container format. The tools were created by Florida Center for Library Automation for the Library of Congress in 2009.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • DiCoMo - Digitization Costs Model <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Article: "Estimating Digitization Costs in Digital Libraries Using DiCoMo" (2010)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)

Format normalization on ingest

  • DAITSS (FCLS, USA) DAITSS is a preservation repository application available under the GPL license developed by The Florida Center for Library Automation. It implements the preservation strategies of normalization and forward migration for about 10 formats including JFIF (JPEG), JEG2000, TIFF, WAVE, XML, Quicktime, AVI and PDF.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • DAITSS 2 description service - an online web service for performing format identification, validation and characterization using DROID and JHOVE. You may upload any file to the description service and receive the result in a PREMIS document with standard metadata schema.
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)
  • Xena - Software for Digital Preservation [of textual documents in XML] (Australian National Archives)
    <> (accessed October 3, 2013)

File Conversion Tools

Other Tools

Preservation of Textual Works

Preservation of Audio and Video (Restoration)

Content Replication

Risk Assessment, Audit and Certification of Digital Repositories

Preservation Utilities

File management

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(Reviewed: October 3, 2013)